Sunday, April 16, 2017

Superiority of shiva from Bhagavata purana

Top 11 Shiva temples outside India

Top 11 Shiva temples outside India

Prambanan Temple in Java, Indonesia
This temple, built by Rakai Pikatan of Mataram Kingdom in the 9th century, is not only one of the largest temples in SE Asia but is also the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia.
The name 'Prambanan' comes from the word 'Para Brahman' which in Javanese stands for the 'supreme brahmin'.The temple is dedicated to Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.It has a 47metre high building in the centre of a large complex and houses many individual temples.
Originally, there were 240 such temples but many are in ruins now.
The temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is located in the innermost section of the compound and is the largest structure
2. Pashupatinath Temple in Kathmandu, Nepal
Pashupathinath means Lord of the Animals.
This temple is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams and is one of the oldest temples in Kathmandu.
Chronicles reveal that it was constructed in by Jayadeva 11 way back in 753 AD.
Reconstruction of the temple happened around the17th century due to enormous damages caused by termites.
Inside the temple is a meter high lingam that has four faces.
Despite being a Hindu temple, its uniqueness lies in the fact that it a Nepalese pagoda style architecture wherein sloping roofs made of cooper with gold covering rest on wooden rafters.
It has four entrance doors all of which are covered in silver sheets.
3.Katasraj Temple in Chakwal, Pakistan
This temple located in the Chakwal district of Punjab near Lahore in Pakistan is to have been in existence since the days of the Mahabharata.
The Pandava brothers is said to have taken refuge here during their days of exile.
Legend has it that when Lord Shiva's wife, Sati, dies He cried so much that two pools were created.
One is located in Pushkar and the other was formed here.
It houses seven temples of which the temple dedicated to Lord Shiva has been built on a square platform and the entrance has a recessed round arch.
The temple complex also has a sacred pool for bathing. However since 2012 this has been drying up due to excessive use of the ground water for industrial purposes
4Munneswaram Temple in Munneswaram, Sri Lanka
This temple is said to have been in existence since the days to the Ramayana.
It is said that Lord Ram prayed to Lord Shiva here after he won against Ravana.
It is a temple complex comprising of five temples.
Of these the one dedicated to Lord Shiva is the central and the biggest one.
This temple has been destroyed twice in the past by the Portuguese before it was finally handed over to the Jesuits who rebuilt it.
This temple celebrates Shivratri and Navratri with a lot of grandeur
55. Arulmigu Sri Raja Kaliamman Temple in Johor Baru, Malaysia
Constructed in 1922, this is one of the oldest temples located in Johor Baru.
The land on which the temple stands was bequeathed to the Indians by the Sultan of Johore.
Initially it resembled only a hut but over the years it has grown to become a grand one.
The most unique aspect of this temple is its creative, intricate and neat glass work.
As for the sanctum that houses the deity of Lord Shiva, over 3, 00,000 Rudraksha beads have been pasted onto the wall.
Some of the other Shiva temples in Asia are:
    The Kendrit Shiri Sanatan Dharam Shiv Temple in Fiji.
However this was destroyed in 2008 by what the police had then confirmed as a 'fire set on purpose'. It was one of the oldest Hindu temples to have been built in Nadi (Fiji) way back in 1905. Since its destruction the Sri Siva Subrmaniya Temple built in 1926 and again redesigned in 1986 has become an important place for Hindu worshippers.
    The Sagar Shiv Temple in Mauritius
    The Shiva Temple in Muscat, Oman
    The Shiva Shakti temple in Moscow, Russia
    And there are over 50 temples dedicated to Lord Shiva in Sri Lanka
Mukti Gupteshwar Temple in Minto, Australia
The 13th and the last Jyothirlinga was gifted to Australia in 1999 by the then King of Nepal -- the late Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev.
Together with this was gifted 7996 hymns arranged in eight volumes especially to be sung in praise of this deity.
According to the scriptures, construction of this lingam had to be in the southern hemisphere which symbolised the 'mouth of the snake', the snake being like an ornament around Lord Shiva's neck. Hence Australia was chosen.
This temple's foundation was laid on Shivratri in 1999 in Minto -- Sydney's suburb.
Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it is the only cave temple to have been constructed by man.
Together with the 13th Jyotirlinga, the temple also houses the replicas of the other 12 Jyotirlingas.
In all, the temple complex has 1128 smaller temples all of which are related to Lord Shiva. Inside the main sanctum is a 10metre deep vault where there are two million notes written by hand saying 'Om Namah Shivaya' from devotees.
7.In 1984, 14 acres of land at Carrum Downs was purchased for $72,300.
This land was chosen as per the shastras which say that in order to build a Shiva temple it must be a virgin land.
The first puja was performed in early 1986 following which the construction of the two primary shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva and Vishnu began in 1987.
Since then, after years of planning by the Hindu Society of Victoria and the hard work of a team of skilled craftsmen from India, the Shiva Vishnu Temple at Carrum Downs was opened to devotees in 1994.
For the opening ten priests from Kanchipuram and Sri Lanka were called to perform pujas.
This temple's architecture is the combination of Hindu and Australian traditions.
Very recently in 2012 its Cultural Centre was also completed.
Within the temple around 32 deities are worshipped based on elaborate rituals and Indian festivals like Holi and Diwali is also celebrated with a lot of grandeur.
The temple also helps in the development of the youth through its well maintained library and spiritual classes.
Shiva Temple in Auckland, New Zealand
The establishment of this temple in New Zealand not only promotes the appreciation of the Sanatan Dharma amongst the devotees but also acts as a centre for advancement for the youth by providing free Hindi classes every Sunday.
This temple was born in 1998 after a plot of land was purchased by the Sanatan Shivarchan Trust.
The temple was opened to all in May 2004.
This temple was constructed according to the Hindu scriptures under the guidance of Acharya Maha Mandleshwar Swami Shivendra Puriji Maharaj or Yagya Baba as he is called in India.
The deity of Lord Shiva in this temple is in the form of Navdeshwar shivling.
The temple remains open from 8 am till noon and again in the evenings from 5 pm to 7.30pm
Shiva Vishnu Temple in Livermore, California
It is one of the biggest Hindu temples in the Bay Area.
With respect to architecture, this temple incorporates the best of both North and South Indian Hindu temples.
Once you enter the temple you will notice deities of innumerable Gods and Goddesses -- Shiva, Ganesha, Durga, Aiyappa, Lakshmi etc.
Most of the idols were donated by the Tamil Nadu government in 1985.
The main gopuram of the temple was completed in 1992.
The courtyard within the temple complex is neat and clean and the atmosphere here is tranquil. The temple also serves Prasad to all its devotees.
Some of the other Shiva temples in the USA are:
    The Shiva Temple in Denver, Colorado. This temple is over fifteen years old.
    The Shiva Vishnu Temple in Washington DC
    The Shiva Vishnu Temple in South Florida
Shiva Temple in Zurich, Switzerland
This is a small temple that is located on the first floor of a building. However it is clean and quite well maintained.
Deities in 'garba griha' behind the Shiva Lingam are Nataraja and Shakthi. Statues of two Nandhis also stand beside that of Lord Shiva.
The temple is open for prayers from 7 pm to 9 pm on Tuesdays, Fridays and Sundays.
Shivratri is celebrated here with a lot of geity.
This temple is on the third stop once you get bus number 74 from Bucheggplatz.
Shiva Hindu Temple in Zuidoost, Amsterdam

This is a very recent creation that opened its doors for the devotees on June 4, 2011.

It occupies a space of around 4,000 sq metres.

This temple has the deities of Lord Shiva together with Lord Ganesha, Goddess Durga, Haumanji and the likes.

The deity of Lord Shiva is in the form of a Panch Mukhi Shivling and is kept at the core of the temple.

It also has a langar hall that can hold 150 people and serves langar to the people every Sunday.

Some of the other Shiva temples in Europe are:

    The Sivan Kovil in Lewisham, London. It was reconstructed and reopened in 2011
    Le Shiva O Samsara Dunnia aur Karma Temple in France


Some of the Shiva temples in South Africa are:

    Durban Hindu Temple built in 1901. Its architecture is according to Indian temples although Islamic and Victorian influences can also be seen.
    Madhya Kailash Temple in Midrand. It is a recent construction for the devotees from the province of Gauteng
    The Shivan Koil (Shiva Temple) in Lenasia, Johannesburg
    Melrose Shree Siva Subramaniar Temple in Johannesburg

For all those reading this feature, if you have visited any or know of any Shiva temples situated outside India then do share with us. We would love to hear from you.

KAALA HASTI(Vayu linga)

KAALA HASTI(Vayu linga)

Srikalahasti Temple is located in the town of Srikalahasti, in the

state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is one of the most worshiped

Shiva temples in South India.The name of the place comes from

three animals, Sri (spider), Kala (snake) and Hasti (elephant) who

worshipped Shiva and gained salvation here. A statue that shows all

three animals is situated in the main shrine.

The Skanda Purana, Shiva Purana and Linga Purnas have a mention

about Srikalahasti. The Skanda Purana says that Arjuna visited this

place, worshipped Kalahastiswara and met the sage Bharadwaja on

the top of the hill. It is believed that Kannappa (also known as

Bhakta Kannappa), a tribal devotee has worshipped Siva at

Srikalahasti.The temple is the place where his supreme devotee

Kannappa was ready to offer both his eyes to stop blood flowing

from the Siva linga’s eyes,before Lord Siva stopped him and

blessed him.The temple is situated 36km distance from Tirupati.

The inner temple construction began in 5th century and the outer

temple was constructed in the 12th century by the Chola and

Vijayanagara kings. Vayu (God of air) is incarnated as Lord Shiva

and worshiped as ‘Kalahasteeswara’. Sri Kalahasti is named after

the unwavering devotees of Lord Shiva. They were the Spider

(Sri), the Serpent (Kala) and the Elephant (Hasti). Pleased by their

firm devotion, Lord Shiva granted a boon that their names be

merged with the Vayu linga and henceforth called as Sri

Kalahasteeswara. As per Hindu mythology, the elephant(hasti)  used

to clean Shiva’s deity carrying water from its tusk, the spider

protects the deity from external damage weaving its web and the

snake (kala) places its  precious gem on the linga to decorate the

lord. Each of the above devotees worshipped Lord Shiva

individually unaware of other‘s action. Unfortunately there was a

confusion among the three animal creatures in their actions and

resulted in a conflict with each other. The spider’s web protection

and the snake’s gem was displaced by the water poured from the

elephant’s tusk. Angry kala or the snake tried to enter the

elephant’s tusk and in the process suffocates and dies as well as

the elephant because of the snake’s poison. In their fight, even

the spider died as it was squashed between the two bigger

animals. Lord Shiva then appeared before the three devotees and

gave them moksha or mukti for their selfless devotion. The spider

takes rebirth as a great king while the snake and elephant get

relieved from their karmas and reached heaven. The king remained

dutiful to his subjects and people and built many temples

worshipping lord Shiva. So this is the unique history of the temple

for devotees to understand before offering their prayers.

Kalyanasundareswarar Temple( Panchavarneswarar Temple)

Kalyanasundareswarar Temple( Panchavarneswarar Temple)
the colour changing Lingam
Thirunallur is also known as Dakshina Kailasam. Once there was a contest between Adisesha the serpent God and Vayu the wind God, to decide who was more powerful. Vayu tried to blow out the thousand peaks of Meru Mountain and Adisesha protected them with his thousand hoods. During a moment of lapse of concentration on the part of Adisesha, Vayu blew the peaks away one of which is supposed to have fallen here at Thirunallur. The Shiva Linga here is said to have been manifested from this peak. There is a belief that the mane of Lord Shiva is at the back of the temple.
The Shiva Lingam at Kalyanasundareswarar Temple in Thirunallur is a sayambhu lingam. This is one of the Mada Koil or temples built at an elevation by Kochengat Cholan. This is one of the 275 Padal petra sthalams of Lord Shiva. The main deity here is Panchavarneswarar and His consort is Parvathasundari. He is also known as Kalyanasundareswarar. The sthala(place) vruksham(tree) is Vilvam. The holy water here is the Saptha sagara theertham. A dip in this water is supposed to absolve one of all sins.
                                         A very interesting feature of this temple is that the Shiva Lingam here changes colour every 2 hours and 24 minutes. From 6am to 8.24am the Lingam is Copper coloured, between 8.25am to 10.48am the Lingam is red in colour, changes to golden colour between 10.49am and 1.12pm, between 1.13pm and 3.36pm the colour changes to emerald green. Awe struck!!! Wait till you read this, the Lingam will appear in a colour that the devotee wishes to see, between 3.37pm and 6pm
Panchavarneswarar Temple (Pancha + five; varna= colour; Eeshwar = God)Shivalinga in the temple showed Brahmma five colours – golden yellow, red, black, white and smoke ash here.  For Sage Udangar, Shivalinga appeared as a Gem, Spatika, Gold and Diamond and as a portrait.


Talakad or Talakadu is a popular picnic spot and pilgrimage center. Once upon a time Talakadu was the capital of the Ganga dynasty.
This place is a miracle. Covered with sand dunes at the banks of river Cauvery in the middle of agricultural land. Talakadu was ruled by various kingdoms like the Gangas, Cholas,  Hoysala, Vijaynagar and lastly the Wodeyars of Mysore.
The panchalinga temples of lord Shiva are a great attraction. The 5 temples are Pathaleshwara, Maruleshwara, Arkeshwara, Vaidyanathee-shwara and Mallikarjuna temples. A special festival called Panchalinga Darshana takes place every 12 years.
1600s, when Raja Wodeyar defeated Rangaraya, the Vijayanagar empire’s viceroy in Srirangapatna.
The victorious king alleged that Rangaraya’s wife, Alamelamma, still had with her jewels that rightly belonged to the temple at Srirangapatna. Eventually, when Raja Wodeyar sent soldiers to recover the jewels, Alamelamma fled to Talakad and famously cursed the king and the town before drowning herself in the Cauvery near Malingi a town on the opposite bank of the river. “Let Talakad be filled with sand,” she is said to have cried, “Let the Mysore kings remain childless. Let the river at Malingi become a whirlpool.”
In an extraordinary turn of events, beginning in the 1600s, Talakad did indeed begin to be deluged with sand. This concurrence with the curse has never failed to capture the imagination of visitors to the besieged town, where today, some 30-odd temples are said to lie buried under the sand. In recent years, this remarkable coincidence has also intrigued scholars, resulting in some fresh insight into this mystery.
3 points before jumping to river Cauvery. The curse are as follows:
1. May Malangi turn into an unfathomed whirlpool
2. May Talakad turn into a barren expanse of sand
3. May the Rajas of Mysore not have children for all time to eternity!

VAIDEESWARAN TEMPLE(Sri-Vaidhyanathan-Temple)

VAIDEESWARAN TEMPLE(Sri-Vaidhyanathan-Temple)
(Supreme Healer-Lord curing diseases like a doctor)
The place is also called Pullirukuvelur. The temple is around 15 kms from Mayavaram, about 10 kms from Seerkazhi and 50 kms from Kumbakonam. Lot of bus facilities are available from important places around. The nearest airport is at Trichy while there is a seperate station for Vaideeswaran koil on the Villupuram-Mayavaram route.
The temple is among the Navagraha sthalam(Place) and is prominent for Chevvai or Mars. The presiding deity is Lord Shiva in the form of Vaidhyanathaswami and Parvathi ammal as Thaiyal nayaki. Lord Vaideeswaran is said to have cured Chevvai(leprosy) and the Lord's name itself means the Lord curing diseases like a doctor. He is said to be the supreme healer. The goddess also has a medicine oil pot called Sanjeevi thailam in her hands and the temple tank Siddamirtham is also said to be full of medicinal properties after the nectar which the Siddhars used for worship Lord Shiva flew into the tank. Devotees offer Salt, pepper and jaggery in the temple tank to get cured of all diseases. Tuesdays are considered auspicious to pray to Angaraksha.
Vaideeswaran koil is also famous for Naadi Jothisham. The siddhars had the power to look into the past and predict future for every individual. They wrote all those predicitions on palm leaves and these have been preserved. The Naadi astrologers take the finger print of the person and start matching it with the huge amount of leaves to arrive at the past and future.



According to the legend, at Thiruvanaikaaval, a spider and an elephant both prayed to Shiva, in their own way. While the elephant poured water on the lingam in the day, the spider covered the lingam with its web in the night. Every morning, the elephant would be angry to see the spider webs on the lingam he had cleaned the day before, and the spider would be angry to see the web destroyed every morning. Finally, when they both left their bodies and passed on, the spider was born as a king, and remembered his past life. He spent his life building temples where elephants would
never be able to enter the sanctum.. Other temples built the same way are at .Kudavasal, Nannilam, Chaayavanam, Thalaichangadu, Valivalam, Ambar (Ambal) and Thiruveezhimizhalai